Queen's Hospital [Romford, Essex, United Kingdom]
Project category: New construction (completed October 2006)
Chief administrator: Tony Velupillai, General Manager, (011 44) 20-8271-8255
Firm: Jonathan Bailey Associates, (469) 227-3900
Design team: Jonathan Bailey, CEO, Conceptual Design; Michael McGeady, Sr. Vice-President, Executive-in-Charge (Jonathan Bailey Associates); John Tinner, Building Architect (Building Design Partnership); Matthew Day, Building Services Engineer (DSSR); Graham Hiley, Project Construction Director (Bovis Lend Lease); Tony Velupillai, General Manager (Queen's Hospital)
Photography: Tim Crocker; Kevin Sansbury
Total building area (sq. ft.): 915,000
Construction cost/sq. ft.: $461
Total construction cost (excluding land): $421,900,000
Queen's Hospital is one of the newest acute care facilities in the United Kingdom. The hospital was designed and built for the Barking, Havering, and Redbridge Hospitals NHS Trust by Catalyst Healthcare and funded by the British government's Private Finance Initiative (PFI) procurement process.
The hospital is designed to inspire visitors, patients, and staff, and welcomes the people of the surrounding community. The building occupies a prominent central position on a brownfield site with the main entrance clearly indicated at the end of a tree-lined boulevard. Easy access from the nearby town center and surrounding residential areas is provided by direct routes for buses, cars, bicycles, and pedestrians.
In design terms, the local NHS trust was seeking a clinically driven healing environment focused on modernizing the care process, improving quality of care, and providing space and flexibility for future growth and changes in technology. The facility accommodates a variety of specialist services including a major critical-care center and day and inpatient surgery suites, a large women's and children's hospital, and a Center of Excellence for cancer.
The 1,039,000-sq.-ft. facility contains 939 beds. The building was located to maximize the existing site as much as possible. Planning constraints allowed for the development of a five-story building. Because the hospital is situated close to residential neighborhoods, vehicular circulation, noise, and light pollution all had to be addressed in the design solution.
Ground and first-floor levels generally consist of diagnostic treatment services, while the upper levels consist of inpatient services. The building-stacking plan allows for the large diagnostic components, which require specific adjacencies, to be placed around a vertical circulation system to reduce horizontal movement.
The inpatient units that sit on top of the diagnostic pod are made up of eight 30-bed modules. Each module is placed back-to-back to allow for a 60-bed component that has its own public and service access areas, as well as respective public and service elevator banks. Each 30-bed module has six four-bed wards and six private rooms. The top three levels were planned to allow for the maximum amount of daylight and natural ventilation to be available to the inpatient areas.
Dedicated entrances are located for walk-in injuries, Emergency, Maternity, Critical Care, Coronary Care, and the Cancer Center. The main entrance is clearly visible for visitors and outpatients.