Research Brief: How ICU Room Design Affects Family Involvement In Patient Care
As hospitals have become more patient-centered, there’s been a trend toward including a family area inside the patient area to promote family presence, support, and involvement in patient care. Growing evidence shows that family members play an important role in supporting patient care, and that the physical environment affects family involvement. However, few empirical studies have attempted to show the effectiveness of the patient-centered design on family members’ presence and their behavior.
A comparative study in two ICUs examines the impact of the patient-centered unit design on family involvement, operationalized as percentages of family presence and family-patient/family-staff interaction in patient rooms.
The analysis identified a significant difference in family presence in patient rooms between the traditional and the patient-centered units. Patients in the family-centered care unit spent significantly more time with their family members in patient rooms than did patients in the traditional unit. Patient-related variables other than unit design had no significant impact on family presence and interactions.
Findings demonstrated that the patient-centered unit was associated with increased family presence in the patient rooms and increased family interaction with patients, when compared with the traditionally designed unit.
Edited abstract from “Environmental Affordances: Designing for Family Presence and Involvement in Patient Care,” by Young-Seon Choi, MArch, PhD, and Sheila J. Bosch, PhD, EDAC, LEED AP. To access the entire report, click here to subscribe to the The Health Environments Research and Design (HERD) Journal. The HERD Journal is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal whose mission is to enhance the knowledge and practice of evidence-based healthcare design by disseminating research findings, discussing issues and trends, and translating research to practice.